Well, democracy puts the power of government into the hands of the people it is supposed to represent. Basically, the people of a country can vote who is worthy of representing them. For instance, in the United Kingdom, there are elections to decide which party runs the country for the next few years. Citizens fill in a form and place it in ballot boxes and the results are totted up.
When the election is over, whichever party is successful are then responsible for the important decisions on the behalf of the people. Many countries throughout the world have a democratic system in place, and such a system will create differing branches of power, creating a system that checks and balances with individual sections monitoring each other.
However, democracy isn’t perfect.
Pros & cons of a democratic government.
- Voted by the people for the people – Everyone is allowed to vote on political and social issues to make sure that whatever the long-term decision, it’s in their interest and not solely that of political leaders.
- Involvement – Democratic activities like voting allows people to feel more patriotic since they are making decisions that shape the course of the future of the country. Everyone is given the power and opportunity to get involved. On a whole, it is a considerable impact to vote for a change or to elect a new president to run the country and be aware they, the people voted for it to happen.
- Equality – Everyone who votes is treated the same – there was a time only men could vote before it women fought to have voting rights and the same for black people because everyone realized it wouldn’t be democratic for one group to vote while others were forbidden. Equality makes all feel important and heard.
- Change – The hallmark of democracy where everyone can vote on changes to be made in a peaceful manner without any violence as was seen in the past, where governments change power through elections, which means they don’t stay in power for long periods. The times they stay in power are called terms.
- Power isn’t put into the hands of a single individual – Power is spread out in a democratically elected government, helping prevent corruption.
- An obligation to people – Government officials elected have a duty to the people who elected them, but the people are responsible for motivating them. The officials are indebted to them for giving them the responsibility, so they should feel grateful to them and work towards goals to thank them.
- Mobs – One of the downsides of democracy is that mobs might still have influence. In layman’s terms, the public does the voting, but the mobs can still influence how the vote goes. This means people would be influenced by others like friends or co-workers, and government officials will make claims to win their votes. The elections would become important rather than policies needing change.
- Ignorance – The people would often not be aware of important political issues despite electing that party to power in the first place. This could also mean when it comes to voting those people will not have all the facts.
- Election fraud – Democracy sometimes faces problems, especially some issues. Voter fraud might occur.
- “Free-time” rules system – People who have the most free-time would be able to attend meetings and have the opportunity to make decisions. In contrast, people with full schedules would have no time to attend the same meetings and have the same opportunities.